Some of your employment arbitration agreements may not be worth much soon. Here’s why.

When it comes to politics, there is not much on which the two sides of the aisle see eye to eye. I’ll admit it, several of my blog posts about new bills in Congress may grab your attention. However, they have little chance at becoming law. In the blogging business nerd writing, we call that attention seeking “clickbait.”

Today’s post is not clickbait.

Late last week, U.S. Senators Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY), Lindsey Graham (R-SC), and Dick Durbin (D-IL), chair of the Senate Judiciary Committee, along with U.S. Representatives Cheri Bustos (D-IL), Morgan Griffith (R-VA), and Pramila Jayapal (D-WA) announced bipartisan and bicameral legislation to empower sexual assault and harassment survivors.

Many of you probably require employees to sign arbitration agreements as a condition of employment. Arbitration has certain advantages over litigation, among them less publicity.

And therein lies the impetus for the Ending Forced Arbitration of Sexual Assault and Sexual Harassment Act of 2021. I don’t have a link to the current legislation, but you can find previous versions here.

Basically, the bill would amend the Federal Arbitration Act to void any pre-dispute arbitration agreement that requires arbitration of a sex discrimination dispute. A “pre-dispute arbitration agreement” means any agreement to arbitrate a dispute that had not yet arisen at the time of the making of the agreement. A “sex discrimination dispute” is limited to claims arising under Title VII. So, if the plaintiff asserted state law sex discrimination claims only, then state law would dictate whether an agreement to arbitrate binds the parties.

According to Senator Gillibrand’s press release, the American Association for Justice (AAJ), Public Citizen, the National Women’s Law Center, and the National Partnership for Women and Families, among others, endorse this legislation.

In her article at Law360, Rachel Stone notes that getting support from the U.S. Chamber of Commerce could key passage of this bill. I checked the U.S. Chamber’s website. It’s not clear how the business group views this legislation. Ditto SHRM.

The law would apply to any dispute or claim that arises on or after its effective date. But does this automatically eviscerate your existing agreements? That’s not clear.

However, what is clear is that your proactive measures (e.g., policies, training, and other education) can mitigate the risk of enforcing an agreement to arbitrate sex discrimination claims. COVID-19 may have impeded them. But, there’s no excuse now.

(If you get this post via email, I’m not saying that you should scroll down further. But, I’m also not saying that you shouldn’t).

“Doing What’s Right – Not Just What’s Legal”
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